Other types of high blood pressure medicine

The less commonly used types of high blood pressure medicine are usually reserved for special instances. (I have listed a few here, but if your type of drug is particularly unusual or you can't work out what class it is in, please write to me and I'll get the answer for you):

Methyl dopa

This drug that works directly on the brain. It therefore has more frequent side effects which include drowsiness, depression and a dry mouth. A drug called clonidine is similar but has the advantage of being able to be applied by a patch.


This works directly on vessels to dilate them. It is sometimes used in pregnancy induced hypertension emergencies.


Minoxidil works directly too. This drug tends to be used in severe hard-to-treat hypertension. Its use is limited as it can cause significant sodium and water retention and excess growth of hair.

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